Please click the following link to read this article in Urdu language: کیا اللہ نور ہے اور کیا نبی صلی اللہ علیہ وسلم نور سے بنے ہیں؟
Assalam o Alaikum
Allah is NOT Noor, rather, Noor is a creation of Allah. The Quran states that Allah is an ineffable reality and human language cannot produce an adequate parable; therefore, there is no mithaal (example) of what Allah is like. We also know that angels are made of light. Hence, the Creator (Allah) and the creation (light) cannot be one and the same. If Allah is not Noor, what then is the guiding light that is frequently mentioned in the Quran? Here are some proofs from the Quran itself (we don’t need to go into hadith):
Praise be to Allah, Who created the heavens and the earth, and made the darkness and the light. Yet those who reject Faith hold (others) as equal, with their Guardian-Lord. [06:01]
“Surely We revealed the Taurat in which was guidance and light.” [05:44]
“and We gave him (Isa) the Injeel in which was guidance and light.” [05:46]
Allah is the guardian of those who believe. He brings them out of the darkness into the light; and (as to) those who disbelieve, their guardians are Taghoots who take them out of the light into the darkness; they are the inmates of the fire, in it they shall abide. [02:257]
“And thus did We reveal to you an inspired book (Quran) by Our command. You did not know what the Book was, nor (what) the faith (was), but We made it a light, guiding thereby whom We please of Our servants; and most surely you show the way to the right path: [42:52]
Noor, therefore, is a word used by the Quran to either denote guidance, true knowledge or Emaan (as an antonym to the darkness of Kufr).
Noor has also been used as a “parable” to describe the omnipresence of Allah and the fact that He is the source of all guidance (in Surah Noor, 24:35, the parable is light (guidance), without an outside source. So this means that Allah is the ultimate source of ALL guidance. This does not mean that He is physically made of Noor, because as we see above, He has actually created light). Notice in 24:35, that Allah Himself goes on to say: The parable of His Light. This means that Allah is explaining Himself using human language, and also making the concept understandable to us.
People who blindly follow their sects tend to rely more on the sayings and interpretations of their scholars, rather than read the Quran themselves. This is why they have taken [24:35] literally, claiming that Allah Himself or some of His creations among humans such as Prophet Muhammad (SAW) or Ali (RA) or other pious people are made of Noor.
The Saba’ee contribution in this regard cannot be ignored. They extended the concept of Ali (RA) being Noor to their Imams, who are supposed to be divine as well. In their enthusiasm for the person of Ali (RA), they elevated him and his descendants to a position above that of Muhammad (SAW). Saba’ees gave Ali (RA) and their Imams a near-divine status. The origins of this concept lie in ancient Persian paganism:
“The Shias, however, gradually evolved ideas that seemed even closer to Christian incarnation…(Regarding the divinity of Ali and the Imams) They (Shias) were drawing on ancient Persian tradition of a chosen god-begotten family which transmitted the divine glory from one generation to another.” [Karen Armstrong, ‘A History of God’ pp. 189]
To make the discussion even more interesting and to add to your knowledge, let me also copy the Nicene Creed, the official creed of Christians as decreed by Emperor Constantine in 325 AD, so you can see the similarities between the Christian Trinity and what is now alleged about Prophet Muhammad (SAW) being Noor:
We believe in one God,
The Father Almighty,
Maker of all things, visible and invisible,
And in one Lord, Jesus Christ,
The Son of God,
The only-begotten of the Father,
That is, of the substance of the Father,
God from God,
Light from light,
True God from true God,
Begotten not made,
Of one substance with the Father,
Through whom all things were made,
Those things that are in heaven and
Those things that are on earth,
Who for us men and our salvation,
Came down and was made man,
Rose again on the third day,
Ascended into the heavens
And will come
To judge the living and the dead.
And we believe in the Holy Spirit.
The whole of Sufism and all other sects that believe in the transfer of esoteric knowledge (hidden knowledge) from wali (saint) to wali depend on this single hadith (which is not authentic):
It is related that Jabir ibn Abdullah said to the Prophet: “O Messenger of Allah, may my father and mother be sacrificed for you, tell me of the first thing Allah created before all things.” He said: “O Jabir, the first thing Allah created was the light of your Prophet from His light, and that light remained (lit. “turned”) in the midst of His Power for as long as He wished and there was not, at that time, a Tablet or a Pen or a Paradise or a Fire or an Angel or a Heaven or an Earth. And when Allah wished to create creation, he divided that Light into four parts and from the first made the Pen, from the second the Tablet, from the third the Throne, [and from the fourth everything else].”
This hadith implies that Allah first created the Prophet’s (SAW) Noor and from that everything else was created. This is why some sects claim that Muhammad (SAW) was the very first prophet, not Adam (SAW). They also use this hadith to prove the superiority of Muhammad (SAW) to other prophets.
It is a very famous hadith, but not a reliable one. We will see why it is important for sects (and especially Sufism) to believe in this legend. Please read the article titled ‘The Dodgy Noor Connection.’
To conclude, Allah, is a reality that cannot be described and we should refrain from attaching physical attributes to Him. Prophet Muhammad (PBUH) was a man, who was special because he was chosen by Allah to perfect the message of Islam. We will also discuss in greater detail that Muhammad (PBUH) was a Bashar (man), who suffered pain and experienced joy, lived a remarkable life and, after completing his mission, he died a natural death. His soul is now in Jannat, in a place closest to Allah.
Assalam o alaikum